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post #1 of 9 Old Jan 26th, 2010, 6:32 pm Thread Starter
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How to survive an earthquake

Earthquakes can/do/will happen everywhere someday.
This makes sense.
================================================== ===============

Subject: Where to be in an earthquake - A MUST READ
EXTRACT FROM DOUG COPP'S ARTICLE ON THE: 'TRIANGLE OF LIFE'

My name is Doug Copp. I am the Rescue Chief and Disaster Manager of the American Rescue Team International (ARTI), the world's most experienced rescue team. The
information in this article will save lives in an earthquake.

I have crawled inside 875 collapsed buildings, worked with rescue teams from 60 countries, founded rescue teams in several countries, and I am a member of many rescue teams from many countries.

I was the United Nations expert in Disaster Mitigation for two years. I have worked at every
major disaster in the world since 1985, except for simultaneous
disasters.

The first building I ever crawled inside of was a school in Mexico City during the 1985 earthquake. Every child was under its desk. Every child
was crushed to the thickness of their bones. They could have survived
by lying down next to their desks in the aisles. It was obscene,
unnecessary and I wondered why the children were not in the aisles. I
didn't at the time know that the children were told to hide under
something.

Simply stated, when buildings collapse,
the weight of the ceilings falling upon the objects or furniture inside
crushes these objects, leaving a space or void next to them. This space
is what I call the 'triangle of life'. The larger the object, the
stronger, the less it will compact. The less the object compacts; the
larger the void; the greater the probability that the person who is
using this void for safety will not be injured.

The
next time you watch collapsed buildings, on television, count the
'triangles' you see formed. They are everywhere. It is the most common
shape, you will see, in a collapsed building.

TIPS FOR EARTHQUAKE SAFETY


1) Most everyone who simply 'ducks and covers' WHEN BUILDINGS COLLAPSE
are crushed to death. People who get under objects, like desks or cars,
are crushed.

2) Cats, dogs and babies often naturally
curl up in the fetal position. You should too in an earthquake. It is
a natural safety/survival instinct. You can survive in a smaller void.
Get next to an object, next to a sofa, next to a large bulky object
that will compress slightly but leave a void next to it.


3) Wooden buildings are the safest type of construction to be in during
an earthquake. Wood is flexible and moves with the force of the
earthquake. If the wooden building does collapse, large survival voids
are created. Also, the wooden building has less concentrated, crushing
weight. Brick buildings will break into individual bricks. Bricks will
cause many injuries but less squashed bodies than concrete slabs.


4) If you are in bed during the night and an earthquake occurs, simply
roll off the bed. A safe void will exist around the bed. Hotels can
achieve a much greater survival rate in earthquakes, simply by posting
a sign on the back of the door of every room telling occupants to lie
down on the floor, next to the bottom of the bed during an earthquake.


5) If an earthquake happens and you cannot easily escape by getting out
the door or window, then lie down and curl up in the fetal position
next to a sofa, or large chair.

6) Most everyone who
gets under a doorway when buildings collapse is killed. How? If you
stand under a doorway and the doorjamb falls forward or backward you
will be crushed by the ceiling above. If the door jam falls sideways
you will be cut in half by the doorway. In either case, you will be
killed!

7) Never go to the stairs. The stairs have a
different 'moment of frequency' (they swing separately from the main
part of the building). The stairs and remainder of the building
continuously bump into each other until structural failure of the stairs takes place. The people who get on stairs before they
fail are chopped up by the stair treads – horribly mutilated. Even if
the building doesn't collapse, stay away from the stairs. The stairs
are a likely part of the building to be damaged. Even if the stairs are
not collapsed by the earthquake, they may collapse later when
overloaded by fleeing people. They should always be checked for safety,
even when the rest of the building is not damaged..

8)
Get near the outer walls of buildings or outside of them if possible.
It is much better to be near the outside of the building rather than
the interior. The farther inside you are from the outside perimeter of
the building the greater the probability that your escape route will be
blocked.

9) People inside of their vehicles are
crushed when the road above falls in an earthquake and crushes their
vehicles; which is exactly what happened with the slabs between the
decks of the Nimitz Freeway. The victims of the San Francisco
earthquake all stayed inside of their vehicles. They were all killed.
They could have easily survived by getting out and sitting or lying
next to their vehicles. Everyone killed would have survived if they had
been able to get out of their cars and sit or lie next to them. All the
crushed cars had voids 3 feet high next to them, except for the cars
that had columns fall directly across them.

10) I
discovered, while crawling inside of collapsed newspaper offices and
other offices with a lot of paper that paper does not compact. Large
voids are found surrounding stacks of paper.

Spread the word and save someone's life... The Entire world is experiencing natural calamities so be prepared!

================================================== ===============

Doug Holck
Lodi, Ca

I don't always ride motorcycles,
but when I do I prefer BMW's.
Ride safely my friends

3 Continents -10 Countries - 50 States

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See you 2015 in Coeur d' Alene, Idaho

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post #2 of 9 Old Jan 26th, 2010, 11:07 pm
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Re: How to survive an earthquake

The depth and range of knowledge on this forum continually amazes me.

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post #3 of 9 Old Jan 27th, 2010, 3:52 am
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Re: How to survive an earthquake

Great article, Doug.

"Those who would give up essential liberty to purchase a little temporary safety, deserve neither liberty nor safety." (Some really OLD friggin' White dude who couldn't have possibly known what he was talking about!) WARNING: Official HATE speech!
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post #4 of 9 Old Jan 27th, 2010, 6:07 am
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Re: How to survive an earthquake

Very interesting. Never thought of that, would certainly have got under something.

"Whenever you find you are on the side of the majority, it is time to pause and reflect" Mark Twain


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Last edited by c00k1e; Jan 27th, 2010 at 6:40 am.
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post #5 of 9 Old Jan 27th, 2010, 6:45 am
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Re: How to survive an earthquake

So would I.

My wife.
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post #6 of 9 Old Jan 27th, 2010, 9:04 am
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Angry Re: How to survive an earthquake

SNOOPS has some very negative things to say about Doug Copps. Might take what is said cautiously..... Seems though like good information.

I trust Snoops....

Dano
Tampa, Fl.

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post #7 of 9 Old Jan 27th, 2010, 9:53 am Thread Starter
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Re: How to survive an earthquake

Quote:
Originally Posted by dandiver
SNOOPS has some very negative things to say about Doug Copps. Might take what is said cautiously..... Seems though like good information.

I trust Snoops....
Snoops
http://www.truthorfiction.com/rumors...le-of-life.htm
Seems to dispute if info applies to USA building standards and questions his character.
Do not know him or others refrenced but agree his article makes sense and sounds like good info.

Here in the USA we BabyBoomers were taught to "Duck and Cover"mainly due to Cold War Nuculer threat. Not sure what kids are taught now?

As a General Contractor I know our engineering of "reinforced concrete" construction will hold up considerably better than what we see on TV from 3rd world countries, however, the USA and other "developed" countries still have plenty of "substandard" building/bridges and we have our share of major malfunctions due to botched engineering.and shoddy construction.

Earthquake survival seems to be a crap shoot and dumb luck may play the largest part.
By the time you realize what's occuring it is almost to late if you happen to be in the wrong place. Worring about which way the referigerator will fall is the least of your worries.

Here in California we are just playing the waiting game. There are plenty of other USA earthquake faults also waiting to awake. As Dan advises, take any information regarding your life/survival and apply it to your lifestyle and develop a plan.

"It's not that we plan to fail, we just fail to plan".

Check out cfell's survival thread.
http://www.bmwlt.com/forums/showthread.php?t=52290

Good Luck

Doug Holck
Lodi, Ca

I don't always ride motorcycles,
but when I do I prefer BMW's.
Ride safely my friends

3 Continents -10 Countries - 50 States

02 K1200LTe
04 1150GS Adventure
08 Suzuki DR650
CCR 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14
See you 2015 in Coeur d' Alene, Idaho

BMW MOA 109760
AMA Charter Life Member 518333
International Fellowship of Motorcycling Rotarians
HDDC POSSE

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post #8 of 9 Old Jan 27th, 2010, 11:04 am
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Re: How to survive an earthquake

I remember many, many, many years ago as a kid living in Reno, Nv, they taught us in school to head outside or in a doorway in case of an earthquake. And since this was the 60's we also had bomb drills - hide under a desk. Like that would have done any good. Then we move to Wichita Falls, Tx and I learn to file into the hallways, sit down and cover our heads during tornado drills. I'll take a tornado or hurricane over an earthquake any day. Just no advance warning for earthquakes.


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post #9 of 9 Old Jan 28th, 2010, 7:41 am
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Re: How to survive an earthquake

Well several of the FD guys agree with him. But, basically the Snoops "fact check" was disputing his credentials and saying that his "theory" may not always work based upon which way a heavy object next to you compresses.

I would still rather be on the floor next to a bed or desk rather than on top of it or under it!

"Those who would give up essential liberty to purchase a little temporary safety, deserve neither liberty nor safety." (Some really OLD friggin' White dude who couldn't have possibly known what he was talking about!) WARNING: Official HATE speech!
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Last edited by jayjacobson; Jan 28th, 2010 at 7:47 am.
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